Family court will address issues related to child custody, Parenting Time, and child support for minor children. These issues are often addressed when parents are divorcing or when never-married parents are separating. While the initial determination of custody can be more difficult to change in the future, Parenting Time and child support provisions commonly require modifications as the children age and circumstances change.
Child custody between parents is determined by a court in divorce or paternity cases. A custody determination assigns rights and responsibilities to one or both parties.
There are two different types of custody that must be decided: legal custody and physical custody. Legal custody relates to the power to make decisions regarding the major areas of a child’s upbringing including education, religion, and healthcare. Physical custody involves the day to day care of the child. Each type of custody can be either sole or joint.
If the parties have an agreement about custody, the court will almost always approve it. Without an agreement the parties may need to utilize the services of mediators, custody evaluators, and other professionals in an attempt to reach agreements. If the parties are still unable to reach an agreement, a judge will decide custody issues based upon the statutory best interests of the child.
Parenting Time is the time that each parent spends with a minor child. Parenting Time is what used to be called “visitation.” There is no “one size fits all” parenting time schedule. When the parties are unable to reach a settlement, Parenting Time is decided by a judge based upon the statutory best interest factors.
Child support is the monthly amount parents are court ordered to contribute to the care of their children. Child support in Minnesota is now calculated using the gross monthly income (or potential income) of each parent. Child support orders include an amount for basic support, as well as contributions for medical support and childcare support.
How We Can Help You With Child Custody, Parenting Time, and Child Support Matters
At Lewis Kannegieter Law, Ltd. we will guide you through the process with compassion and common sense. We will educate you on the law and process, explain your options, and help you reach the best resolution for you and your family. To learn more about our child custody, Parenting Time, and child support services, please complete the form here.